British International Investment

UK Climate Investments LLP

IndiaKenyaSouth AfricaUnited KingdomEast AfricaSouth AsiaSouthern AfricaInfrastructure

UK Climate Investments (UKCI) is a fund that invests in clean energy and green infrastructure projects across Africa and South Asia. It was created in 2015 as a JV between Macquarie and HM Government.

Our investment

Description of the investment.

UK Climate Investments (further information on the fund's origins is at the top of this page) was transferred to BII's ownership in 2023. At that point, UKCI had made a total of seven investments across India, South Africa and Kenya, including large-scale wind and solar projects and a green housing project.

Impact information

Applies to investments made from 2019 onwards. The tabs in this section define what we expect to achieve through the investment, assessing the potential impact of the investment against six dimensions of impact. You can find more details on our methodology of assessing impact here.



Avoid greenhouse gas emissions by increasing energy efficiency and the share of renewable energy generation; and improve access to adequate, safe, and affordable housing.


Primary Secondary

Invest in renewable energy generation (80 per cent of portfolio, target to add 1,067 megawatts of capacity) and environmentally sustainable housing (20 per cent of portfolio, target to add 10,000 homes).

Demonstrate the commercial viability of India’s first unlisted 'yieldco' for foreign investors, first listed 'yieldco' in Africa, and first affordable housing investment with IFC 'EDGE' building standards at scale in Africa. If successful, these investments can serve as a template which can be replicated by other market players and reduce perceived risk among commercial investors.


Stakeholder Geography Characteristics





Primarily urban households on KES 50k-100k monthly income, who are underserved by formal sector housing supply.

How much?

Scale Depth/Duration

The sustainable housing investments are expected to benefit 10,000 households.

The portfolio is estimated to avoid approximately 2.9 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent of annual emissions once fully constructed.



This investment does not fall within the scope of BII’s Contribution Framework.


Evidence Risk

Some of the assets in the UKCI portfolio are 'yieldcos', which are companies that own operating renewable energy assets that produce a predictable cash flow. Investing in these companies means renewable energy developers can sell their operating assets to the 'yieldco' and recycle the proceeds into new greenfield capacity. This model of increasing greenfield renewable energy capacity is indirect but credible.

Execution Risk

Risk of projects not being delivered successfully, which could hinder impact. However, this is considered low given most assets are operational or under construction by reputable developers with a strong track record.

Impact score

Impact score (at point of investment)

The Impact Score is a tool to help us manage our performance against our strategic impact objectives. It is designed to incentivise investments that support our productive, sustainable, and inclusive objectives. You can find out more here.

The Impact Score is published for investments made from 2022 onwards. The Impact Scores are calculated at the point of investment. We publish the Impact Scores of new investments annually, once the information has been externally assured by an independent third party.


Environmental and social information

  • Environmental and social summary

    A high-level description of the environmental and social aspects of the investment. This may include a summary of key environmental and social risks identified during environmental and social due diligence (ESDD); key elements of an environmental and social action plan (ESAP); or ways in which we plan to support the investee improve environmental and social standards, such as through their environmental and social management system (ESMS); as well as any other priority areas agreed with the investee.

  • Environmental and social risk

    A risk category rating, which indicates the level of environmental and social risk associated with an investment. For an explanation of the categorisations used, see here. We consistently provide an environmental and social risk category for all investments screened from 2023 onwards.

Environmental and social summary

Following transfer of assets, E&S team will continue monitoring of the underlying portfolio to ensure E&S risks are adequately managed.

Environmental and social risk


Reporting and Complaints Mechanism

The Reporting and Complaints Mechanism allows anyone outside BII to report alleged breaches of the business integrity or environmental and social provisions of BII’s Policy on Responsible Investing. This includes breaches made by BII, a BII investee, or a portfolio company of a fund in which BII has invested. The Reporting and Complaints Mechanism Rules are available here. Reports and complaints can be submitted by email to [email protected] or by mail. See more details on our Reporting and Complaints Mechanism here.

For any other general enquiries contact us at [email protected]

  • Key facts

    Last updated

    When the last quarterly update of the website database occurred.

    June 2024
    Project number

    An identifier number shared by investments in the same project.


    The current status of the investment (green flag for active and red flag for exited).


    The geographical region where the country is located. We currently invest in Africa, South Asia, South East Asia and the Caribbean. In 2023, BII’s investment mandate was extended allowing it to invest in regional funds linked to Ukraine, with the majority of activity expected to begin post-war. Investments outside these regions were made prior to 2012 under previous investment mandates.

    East Africa, South Asia, Southern Africa

    We prioritise those sectors that facilitate development and need our capital the most. Our priority sectors contribute towards many of the Sustainable Development Goals. They range from investing in the power infrastructure that will provide people with better access to electricity, to investing in financial institutions that direct capital to the individuals and businesses that need it the most.


    We provide capital in the following ways: directly – through direct equity, direct debt, guarantees and other non-intermediated financial instruments; and indirectly – principally through investment funds.

    For direct investments and fund investments, this is the date BII committed capital to the investments. This is typically the date on which legal agreements are signed by all parties.

    For the portfolio companies of our fund investments, this is the date (either the month or the quarter) on which the fund committed capital to the portfolio company.

    For direct equity investments, this is the date at which British International Investment exited the investment.

    For debt investments, this is the date at which the final debt repayment was made.

    For funds, this is the date at which the fund was terminated.

    For underlying fund investments, this is the date at which the fund manager exited the investment.

    The total amount committed, per financial instrument, per investment, on the date BII becomes subject to a binding legal obligation to provide funding or assume a contingent liability. This information is provided in US dollars.

    For direct investments, this is the amount that BII has committed to the business or project. For fund investments, this is the amount BII has committed to the fund.

    The currency in which the investment was made.

    Investment type :
    Start date :
    March 2023
    Amount :
    Currency of investment :
    Fund Manager:
    Macquarie Group Limited

    The company or investment fund’s place of incorporation.

    United Kingdom
    Climate finance

    Indicates whether the investment is climate finance qualified or partially climate finance qualified and the type of climate finance (adaptation, mitigation or both). We define climate finance using the multilateral development bank (MDB) and the International Development Finance Club (IDFC) Common Principles climate finance methodology. See Common Principles for Climate Mitigation Finance Tracking and Common Principles for Climate Change Adaptation Finance Tracking. We provide the climate finance qualification and type for commitments from 2020 onwards, which is when we launched our Climate Change Strategy.

    Partially qualified
    Climate finance type:

Investments made by this fund into companies:

For further information about these companies, visit

Investment name Country Region Sector Start date Status
Clean Max Enviro Energy Solutions Private Limited India South Asia Infrastructure May 2019 Exited
H1 Oslo South Africa Southern Africa Infrastructure January 2020 Active
H1 Pele (Etna2) South Africa Southern Africa Infrastructure March 2022 Active
IHS Kenya Green Housing LP (Kijani) Kenya East Africa Infrastructure June 2021 Active
India Sun BV (Lakeside) India South Asia Infrastructure August 2018 Active
Lightsource India Limited United Kingdom Rest of the World Infrastructure December 2023 Active
Revego Africa Energy Limited South Africa Southern Africa Infrastructure December 2018 Active

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